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Baby Milestones

From birth to one year old
The important thing to remember when consulting a baby milestone chart is that all babies develop at a different rate. Don't worry if your baby doesn't manage some of these activities at the stated time. Some skills will be gained earlier than indicated and others may take a while to come.
The time between your baby's birth and that first birthday will probably fly by.
Babies have a way of keeping you so busy and enthralled by their every action that before you know it, that helpless newborn is a giggly toddler. The first year is full of developmental milestones and sources of pleasure for proud parents. Below are some general guidelines for what you can expect. Remember though, that all babies develop at their own rate and it is very common for babies to be ahead of the norm in one area and a bit behind in others.
From birth
Most babies will move in jerky motions with fists clenched and will startle at loud noises. When laying down on their tummies, babies will move their heads from side to side. At this age, babies begin to recognise familiar voices and show a preference for human faces over other shapes. They can usually focus on objects near their faces.
Turns head from side to side
Turns towards the sound of your voice
Recognises you

From 2 months
Holds head steady for a few moments
Gurgles and makes other sounds
Smiles at you
From 3 months
Many babies can now support their heads well and will raise their heads and chests when placed on their stomachs. When laying on their backs, three month olds will often kick their legs. When held upright, baby will push their feet down on a firm surface. Your baby may be reaching and grasping items now, and is likely putting their hands in their mouth. Socially, your baby will clearly enjoy your company, rewarding you with smiles and babbling.
Partially controls head
Lifts head and chest when lying on tummy
Focuses both eyes
Swipes arms at objects
Plays with hands
Recognises familiar objects
From 4 months
Kicks legs purposefully
Follows objects with their eyes
Holds a rattle
Puts things in mouth
Rolls over one way

From 5 months
By now, baby will recognise parents and other caregivers, and may act coy around strangers. Five month olds are often fascinated with their hands and if your child is going to be a thumb-sucker, you will probably know it by this age. Favourite playthings include activity centres and mirrors. Teething may make your baby cranky at times and you can expect considerable drooling.

Holds head steadily
Reaches for objects
Imitates other babies

From 6 months
Rolls from front to back
Pushes up from their front
Explores objects with hands
Grasps objects
Sits up unsupported for a few moments
Responds to name
From 7 months
By now, your baby is quite a social creature, laughing and squealing when happy. Physically, the advancements are impressive. Baby can probably roll over, both from stomach to back and from back to stomach. Your baby may be transferring toys back and forth between hands and will likely be putting everything into their mouth!
Babies of this age enjoy games of peek-a-boo and can read emotions based on your tone of voice and facial expressions. You may also notice that your baby repeats favourite sounds, especially consonants ("la-la-la-la-"). Your baby probably began eating solid food about a month ago and by now may be letting you know which foods are favourites.
Moves around on tummy or crawls
Gets anxious with strangers
Takes weight when standing supported
Passes object from one hand to another
Holds two objects at the same time
Plays with feet

From 8 months
Looks for dropped objects
Moves from lying to sitting
Sits unsupported
Babbles with more than one syllable
From 9 months
At this age, baby will look for an item when it has dropped, indicating a level of understanding that wasn't present just a few months ago. Also, this is often the time when separation anxiety first appears, so do not be surprised if your baby objects (loudly!) when you leave.
Sometimes, a comfort item such as a favourite blanket or toy can help ease the baby's anxiety. Baby may be crawling well at this stage, while some babies prefer a schooching type movement to get them around. In any case, they are probably not content to sit still for very long.

Looks for dropped objects
Moves from lying to sitting
Sits unsupported
Babbles with more than one syllable
From 10 months
Pulls up to standing
Waves goodbye
Takes a few steps with hands held
Throws objects
Enjoys books
From 11 months
Crawls up the stairs
Moves around holding furniture
From One Year
When you are ready to light that first birthday candle, your baby will have mastered a wide variety of new skills. No longer that tiny baby that you brought home from the hospital, this amazing little person is three times heavier than that wee little one and now has a very distinct personality.
Your baby is now sitting unassisted, crawling (quickly!), and may even have taken a few independent steps. Baby can pull up to a standing position and walk along, holding on to the furniture. If you hand your baby a small item, such a piece of cereal, they will be likely to take it using a pincher grasp (thumb and forefinger) rather than grabbing it open fisted. If you place items on the highchair tray, baby will happily self-feed.
Your baby will be a bit of a mimic by now, imitating sounds and may even have a few simple words in their vocabulary. They will have a greater understanding of language and will understand simple commands. You may not always get the response that you hope for from a one year old, however; they are adept at shaking their heads "no," and may begin testing their limits a bit!
Objects that in the past merely went into their mouths will now be used for their intended purpose. Hairbrushes, telephones, and washcloths are all familiar objects and baby will attempt to use them.
Final Words
While some babies do things at the expected times, that is not common. Also, keep in mind that premature babies will be likely to achieve developmental milestones a bit behind their full term peers. Expectations should be based on a premature baby's due date rather than their date of birth. Babies, like the rest of us, are unique individuals.
Siblings, even twins, do not usually achieve milestones at the same age, so try not to compare your child to others developmentally. If you sense that your baby is lagging in one or more areas, do check with your GP to schedule an assessment, but try not to worry.

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